What are the best ways to break habits?
I’ve overcome a bad habit: Overthinking. Here’s what I did:Accept that you’re having bad habits. Here’s what I mean:No one is perfect. There is nothing shameful about having bad habits, as long as you want to improve yourself.You have to be extremely clear that acceptance isn’t inaction. Acceptance breeds self-honesty, leads to accurate perception of yourself and opens doors for all potential improvement in future.For example, a lot people don’t even accept the fact that they are overeating. When you tell them about their bad habits, they usually become defensive and tell you that they are simply rewarding themselves for their hard work, enjoying what they deserve or that’s who they are. By not accepting who they currently are, they hold inaccurate perception about themselves. How are people going to change their bad habits when they don’t even first accept that they have them?You may want things to be different in the next minute, but at the moment you must learn to accept things as they are.“Okay, so currently I do overthink a lot. That’s a bad habit I have right now, and I would like to break it.” I told myself honestly some time ago. It was a reflective and sober experience. By doing so, I accessed the power to break it.Visualize your worst self with the bad habits. Here’s an example:Even if you know taking excessive sugar will slowly kill yourself, it’s hard to break that habit because well, you’re still healthy now. In other words, knowing your bad habits intellectually is important, but not sufficient. You also need to experience the consequences it brings emotionally.What does excessive sugar intake lead to? Probably diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney failure. Now, visualize yourself living with all these disease when you’re still relatively young. You can’t live like a normal person anymore. You feel tired easily. You have to undergo haemodialysis three times a week. You need to spend a huge portion of your time laying beside the haemodialysis machine, with huge needles penetrating your blood vessels. To make things worse, two of your limbs need to be amputated to avoid fatal infection.To really feel this as emotionally as possible, visit a public hospital nearby. Look at how people endure haemodialysis. Observe how people painfully and reluctantly insert those needles into their bodies. Talk to the amputated patients. Look right at their incomplete limbs and feel their remorse and helplessness.Admit that you could be one of them. Let that emotion sink in…Good - you’ve made both your intellectual and emotional faculties to work for you. Now you’ll naturally gravitate away from your bad habits.Visualize your best self without the bad habits. Imagine…You don’t smoke anymore. You’re never this healthy. Your quality peers respect you. You have more energy to pursue things you want. You even help smokers to quit smoking.You don’t overthink anymore. You’re 10x more productive. You think to solve problems, not to over-complicate life. When you don’t think, your mind fully rests. Many issues simply become non-issues. You’ve never felt so light before.You don’t vent your anger compulsively anymore. You’re calm, composed and peaceful. Undesirable events still happen, but they stir anger around you, not within you. You can watch your anger rise and subside, without being overpowered by it.Again, you’re utilizing your intellectual and emotional faculties. You don’t just think about them. You feel them. Now, besides gravitating away from your bad habits, you’re drawn towards a better you as well.See the power? Instead of beating yourself up, you’re creating magnets that repel and attract you in the directions you want. You’re not behaving forcefully. You’re flowing.Modify your existing bad habits gradually. Here’s how:Don’t expect yourself to eliminate your bad habits completely in a week or even months sometimes. No matter how hard you change, breaking bad habit takes time. You can’t produce a baby in a month by making 9 ladies pregnant at once. You get the point.Start small. In other words, modify your bad habits instead of eliminating them altogether. Last time, I really wanted to end my overthinking permanently. However, I started small by substituting overthinking with problem solving. Over time, I would naturally expend my mental energy on problem solving rather than overthinking. Benefits: Productivity increased, life simplified, freedom experienced.Other examples: “Drink coke daily” “Drink less-sugar coke daily” “Drink less-sugar coke daily after exercise, except Mondays” … and so on.“Blame others all the time” “Blame others all the time and identify one aspect you could do better” “Blame others sometimes and identify three aspects you could do better” … and so on.Be patient, my friends. More haste, less speed. Rome wasn’t built in a day.Journal your journey. Some practical ideas:Overcoming overeating: Take pictures of the food you eat, EVERY TIME. See how the portion of food decreases in 6 months time.Overcoming bad temper: Whenever you have a day without showing tantrum, take a selfie of you smiling. See how many selfies you get out of 365 days.Overcoming smoking: Stack your monthly cigarette boxes, and see them getting lower and lower. It’s like producing a physical bar chart - interesting, isn’t it?You can journal privately or publicly. Just to make sure that the point you journal is to improve yourself, not to impress others. Know your goal.All in all, overcoming bad habits is interesting and ultimately fulfilling. It’s an emotionally and spiritually cleansing process we all go through to become better human beings. Develop this big picture understanding.Together we improve.(Image Source)
How long does it take for Facebook to get back to you after you fill out your account form when you got locked out?
Up to 48 hrs.
How long does it take for working memory to fill up?
Working memory is more of a process than a physical thing. It is the interaction that happens between short term memory and long term memory. It lasts around 80 minutes.The basic process of memory is that a vast amount comes in through your senses and is very briefly (less than a few seconds) stored in sensory memory. Your brain decides the important elements on which to focus and forward them to short term memory.Short term memory is a bottleneck. It can only really process 5-9 (Miller's Magic Number 7) items at a time and lasts only about 30 seconds. It handles that information by using existing long term memories to provide context for manipulation and understanding. If you repeatedly use information while it is in that working memory loop it will have a greater chance of being recorded in long term memory and being recalled from long term memory because neurons will develop dendrites to associate with other neurons creating a reference path.It gets a little complicated because those 5-9 (or averaged to 7) items are not bits. They are not discrete pieces of information. Your brain can organize and repackage information into "chunks" and then your short term memory can handle ~7 of those chunks. An easy example is a 10 digit phone number. 10 digits is too much for short term memory to reliably handle - but we often don't think of them as 10 digits. For example, we make the area code one concept or chunk - if you live in New York where 212 is a common area code - you start to think of 212 as one piece of information, not three. For this to work well, you need to have those chunks or analogs pre-identified in long term memory.Another way we do this is by using patterns. That's why songs are easier to remember than speeches.It takes a lot of work to do this kind of processing. That's where the cognitive load comes into play. Cognitive load is like processing capability, much like depicted on this display from MS Windows:Everything we ask our brain to do uses up a bit of that capability. Here's an example.Once it reaches 100% - LEARNING STOPS. Learning can not recommence until the processing goes down. It can't just be consciously reset with a thought - we have to stop thinking about the material and do something else for awhile.This is an area of much study and there are different interpretations of limits and timing. There are two results that I have seen repeated in many studies:1) Learning can happen well for about an hour. It can continue but less efficiently for the next hour (this is partially related to that 80 minute lifespan of working memory). Much less efficiency for the next. By the time we reach four hours, we start to have negative efficiency and can actually prevent learning from happening. I have to be careful about the tense, here, because the actual learning may not happen until hours later, as the brain works on reorganizing the neural networks.2) The famous Rule of Three - if you tell someone three things, they can remember them. If you tell them four, they will likely just remember three. The key here is that we are talking about three ideas. You might have to provide three pieces of information to learn each idea.The fundamental thing that we have to draw from this, as instructors (or learners), is that learning will be most effective and efficient done in small pieces. If we want to remember a lot from a book - we are best reading small amounts (a couple of chapters) - stopping - letting our brains process that material and start to build neural networks. Those networks can be used to get more out of the next session.The best sources I can recommend to better understand these ideas are:Miller, G. A. (1956). The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information. Psychological Review , 81-97. Sweller, J. V. (1998). Cognitive architecture and instructional design. Educational Psychology Review , 251-296. Chandler, P. a. (1991). Cognitive load theory and the format of instruction. Cognition and Instruction , 293-332.
How long does meth stay detectable in your system through testing (wiki)?
The high produced by meth is is anything but “fleeting.” I think people here are confusing it with cocaine. Meth lasts several hours, and an average dose taken in the morning will last into late afternoon before it noticeably begins to fade. Very pure product will even inhibit sleep well into the night - long after the actual euphoria is gone. This longevity, or “legs,” as tweakers call it, is the reason many drug users switch from cocaine to meth. Cocaine: as exhilarating and brief as an orgasm…and within moments one is abruptly dumped into a miserable hell which only more cocaine can alleviate. Meth: not quite as overwhelmingly euphoric as coke, but still pretty damn good and lasts hours instead of minutes. As time passes and the drug is metabolized, the body slowly & almost imperceptibly returns to its normal state, and a slight residual feeling of well-being will remain until sleep (and possibly even the following day upon waking). Most people prefer this to the hours of desperate craving that follow a 4-minute cocaine high. Obviously chronic, daily meth users won’t get the same mileage, and will tend to use larger amounts with greater & ever-increasing frequency until they can no longer obtain any effect from the drug and must submit to the inevitable crash & suffer through a few days of sleep/food/abstinence in order to renew the cycle.Anyway, the answer to your question is three days.
How can you contact someone that is experienced in filling out a transcript of Tax Return Form 4506-T?
You can request a transcript online at Get Transcript. That should be easier and quicker than filling out the form. Otherwise any US tax professional should be able to help you.
How many days could it take to form a habit?
Despite ’21 days’ being the most frequently cited time, like many oft-repeated ‘facts’, the true meaning of the original statement has been lost. It was actually a minimum of 21 days, however it can take much longer.According to a study published in the European Journal of Social Psychology, forming a habit can take anywhere from 18 to over 200 days.Or much less time:“If it’s something like eating chocolate, you can probably develop one in 5 to 7 minutes.” - Charles DuhiggThe time it takes to form a habit depends on a lot of factors, but these two are the biggest:The type of behaviour that you want to become a habit.The person building the habit.In general, the more complex a behaviour is, the longer it’ll take to form a habit of it. If you haven’t spent time building your willpower, you won’t be able to leap into complex habits and big habit-changing projects like journaling at least 5 pages every day when you haven’t picked up a pen in months.The best advice is to start small. Instead of trying to write 5 pages, just write half a page, or even a few sentences! Doing just a little a day is a far more achievable goal and you’ll feel motivated to continue. Once you’re used to writing that little bit, you can work on increasing the word count.Another tip is not to tackle too many changes at once. Work on building one habit at a time. Often one habit will help you develop other good habits too. A great example is exercise. When people start exercising, they find they start changing their eating habits too. Exercise even encourages people to quit smoking or drinking.Charles Duhigg wrote a fascinating book on the topic, called ‘The Power of Habit’. It’s full of excellent advice for finding habits you currently have and how you can change them into the habits you want to create.Lastly, find some tools to help:Keep track of your behaviours using apps like Zenkit (especially for work habits) or Beeminder (which will force you to keep on track by charging you when you don’t complete certain behaviours!).If you respond well to light competition, you can also use dedicated apps and communities that track certain behaviours (for example Runkeeper if you’re trying to start running).